The official language in all African countries African peoples use nearly 2,000 different languages, the most important of which are Arabic in the north of the continent and Swahili and French in sub-Saharan Africa.
Of the 54 countries, these three languages are official in 34 countries, and together they have more than 400 million speakers, almost a third of the continent’s population.
Below we take a quick look at the official languages of all African countries.
An overview of the official languages of Africa
Many African countries use more than one official language, including some Arab countries such as Morocco And Algeria Where Tamazight is official, along with the Arabic language.
Arabic is the official language in twelve countries in Africa:
- Chad (non-Arab country)
- Eritrea (non-Arab country)
French is the only official language in eleven countries, including the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which is the largest French-speaking country in the world.
Other countries where French is an official language are:
- Burkina Faso
- Ivory Coast
- The central African Republic
The most common languages in Africa
The most spoken language in Africa is Arabic, with an estimated number of speakers from 150 to 200 million people, the majority of whom live in North Africa.
French ranks second with 120 million speakers, followed by Swahili with 100 million speakers, Hausa with 40 million speakers, and then Yoruba language with 30 million speakers.
The Berber language is used by about 23 million people living in all Arab countries in the north of the continent, mainly in the Maghreb countries.
The official language in all African countries
|2||Comoros||Arabic, Comorian, French|
|4||Eritrea||Tigrinya, Arabic, English|
|5||Ethiopia||Amharic, Tigrinya, Somali, Oromo, Afar|
|11||Rwanda||Kinyarwanda, English, French, Swahili|
|12||Seychelles||English, French, Seychellois Creole|
|20||The central African Republic||French, Sango|
|22||Zimbabwe||Chichewa, Shona, Kalanga, English, Khoisan, Namibia, Nadu, Tsonga, Northern Ndebele, Chihua, Sutian, Zimbabwean Sign Language, Tonga, Vendi, Tswana, Kosic|
|24||Cameroon||French and English|
|41||South Africa||English, Zulu, Zulu, Afrikaans, North Sotho, Tswana, Sutian, Tsonga, Swazi, Vendi, South Ndebeli|
|47||Chad||French language, Arabic language|
|48||Republic of the Congo||French|
|49||The Democratic Republic of the Congo||French|
|50||Equatorial Guinea||Spanish, French, Portuguese|
|52||Sao Tome and Principe||Portuguese|